Introduction to basics of Environment
Environment can be defined as one’s surroundings, which includes everything around an organism i.e., a biotic (non-living) and biotic (living) environment. A biotic environment consists of soil, water and air, while the biotic environment includes all other organisms, with which the organism comes into regular contact.
The Basic concept of Environment
Tile working environment refers to the environment in which a worker performs his job. It has an influence on the strain the worker acquires while performing his task and also his productivity. If the working environment is not proper then it can increase strain on the workers, reduce their efficiency and the ultimate result is low productivity, For better results, the working environment should be such that the workers feel comfortable and safe.
The importance of Environment
Environment is very essential in every aspect of life. All the living beings depend upon the environment. All the components required for survival of living organisms gained through environment. Air, water, soil, food etc. required for survival acquired through the environment. Human beings utilize the natural resources for development of civilization of human beings. Therefore, all the process such as survival, reproduction, growth and development etc. of living organisms are done under the environment.
The type of Environment in work place.
Work environment may be divided into the components: Physical, mental and social.
It consists of physical factors example lighting, ventilation, temperature, humidity, noise, layout of machines. Poor light causes eye strain, mental fatigue, accidents and irritation. Poor ventilation and absence of fresh air make the people uncomfortable at work. The degree of moisture or humidity in the air affect speed of work. Noise cause fatigue and reduces efficiency of work. A workers efficiency will be very low if he does not have physical comforts.
Mental environment comprises the psychological factors which influence the attitudes, Behaviour and performance of a worker. It includes various instincts of the worker like fears, anger etc. Favorable mental environment should be created for the satisfaction of workers and to boost their morale.
Social environment refers to the group to which a worker belongs within a large formal group workers form small informal groups and they develop a sense of belonging to their group. The norms of the group influence the attitudes and behavior of its individual workers. Therefore, management should attempt to create groups of like minded people and make constructive use of groups.
The need of Environmental Controls:
Environmental control refers to control of working conditions surrounding the work. Control of working conditions is becoming an increasingly important responsibility of any organization. If the working conditions are unsafe or improper it, affects the health of the workers ill-health of the workers leads to loss of production, poor performance and reduced productive efficiency. Experience has proven conclusively that factories providing good working conditions will produce more than those maintaining poor conditions. The economic return provided through investment in controlling the working or improving working environment is usually significant,
Control of working environment will:
(a) Improve worker’s job performance.
(b) Improve productivity.
- Prevention of occurrence of illness or accidents.
- Increase production.
- Improve the public relations.
- Raise employee morale.
- Reduce absenteeism and tardiness.
- Reduce physical and mental fatigue.