Character and Role of I.L.O.
For nearly 100 years, the role of International Labour Organization (I.L.O.) has been the advocate for social justice in the working world. Its tripartite character ensures that all important stakeholders in the world of work are represented: the governments who create the legal frameworks and flank these with systems of social security, among others; the employer associations who represent the interests of capital; and not least, the unions who fight for the continuous improvement of working conditions in the globalized world with the help of international standards.
Many historic achievements are due to the I.L.O. : including, for example, the 8-hours workday. The man date for equal pay for women and men for work of equal value.
The ILO’s original and most important task has been the development, promotion, and monitoring of international labour standards.
The main subject areas of the international labour standards include the fundamental rights at work. Which contained in the eight so – called core labour standards of the ILO. A minimum age for employment and the effective abolition of child labour.
What are the Roles of I.L.O. in India?
- India, a Founding Member of the ILO, has been a permanent member of the ILO Governing Body since 1922. The first ILO Office in India started in 1928. It has a two- directional focus for socio-economic development: overall strategies and ground-level approaches.
- The ILO’s overarching goal is Decent Work, i.e., promoting opportunities for all women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity.
- The DW concept is translated into Decent Work Country Programmes (DVWCPS), prepared and adopted by the tripartite constituents and ILO, at country levels. The DWCP- India (2007-12), aligned to the 11th Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework, focuses on 3 priorities.
- Decent Work Technical Support Team (DWT) for South Asia stationed in New Delhi, through its team of Specialists, provides technical support at policy and operational levels to member States in the sub-region.
The I.L.O. industries:-
It mainly looks after all types of activities like international Labour standards, social protection and work opportunities for all. All activities carried out under the scrutiny of the Governing Body and leadership of the Director-General.