Classification of Solid Wastes

Classification of Solid Wastes:

The wastes include kitchen waste, papers, construction materials, old types, medical wastes, etc. In order to understand the severity of the problem and to work towards a solution, one must understand the types of wastes being generated. The Classification of Solid Wastes are:

  1. Biodegradable.
  2. Non-biodegradable.

Biodegradable:

The biodegradable wastes are those that can be decomposed by the natural processes and converted into the ‘elemental form. For example, kitchen garbage, animal dung, etc.

Non-biodegradable:

The non-biodegradable wastes are those that cannot be decomposed and remain as such in the environment. They are persistent and can cause various problems. For example, plastics, nuclear wastes, glass& etc.

Collection methods of Solid waste:

Solid Waste Sorting:

Solid waste can have lots of different descriptions. Yard waste such as grass clippings and unused mulch technically solid waste. So is regular trash that a person may just throw away like spoiled food or paper plates. Recyclables such as cardboard and newspaper also considered solid waste. The first step in the collection process is to sort the waste by type and define what will and won’t be disposed’ of. Once the waste has sorted, usually by the residents putting it in the proper bin or container, the next step in collection can take place.

Pickup:

There are a variety of pick-up options. Trash can placed on the curb near a home, and garbage collectors can go house to house and take it. There are also communal trash bins in some apartment complexes, as well as county recycling containers for glass, plastic, paper and organic waste. Some sites may collect hazardous waste materials like syringes, which can’t be left in regular trash sites. The waste taken from all of these sites on a schedule and then transported to a final destination.

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