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Effect of environmental factors on human body and mind

Basics of environmental design and improved efficiency and accuracy at work

Effect of environmental factors on human body and mind

The indoor environment affects the health. comfort and performance of occupants. All three are important, but the cost of improved design, operation, maintenance and energy use in buildings must usually justified in terms of the expected effect on productivity. The various environmental factors are:

  1. Noise
  2. Climate (Temperature Humidity, Ventilation)
  3. Vibration
  4. Lighting

Noise

The most important point to be made is that the successful design is one in which noise is a consideration at every stage. A noisy site, for example, will strongly affect the overall design of a building, and may necessitate costly noise control measures. Similarly within the building the spatial separation of quiet and noisy regions will simplify the problem of achieving adequate noise insulation between them.

Climate (humidity, temperature and ventilation)

Noise effect The major factors that have to be taken into account when designing buildings are the sun (solar load and solar penetration during working hours), daytime temperatures, humidity, high rainfall in some areas and prevailing breezes.

Vibration

While designing environment, protection of workers from the effects of vibration should be taken care. It requires a combination of appropriate tool selection, the use of appropriate vibration-absorbing materials (gloves. for example), good work practices, and education programmers. Some examples for controlling exposure to vibration are:

Anti-Vibration Tools

Using anti-vibration chain saws reduces acceleration levels by a factor of about 10. These types of chain saws must be well maintained. Maintenance must include periodic replacement of shock absorbers. A few pneumatic tool companies manufacture anti- vibration tools such as anti-vibration pneumatic chipping hammers, pavement breakers and vibration-damped pneumatic riveting guns.

Anti-Vibration Gloves

Anti-Vibration Tools

Conventional protective gloves (e.g., cotton, leather), commonly used by workers. Do not reduce the vibration that is transferred to workers’ hands when they are using vibrating tools or equipment. Anti-vibration gloves made using a layer of viscoelastic material.

Safe Work Practices in Industries

  • Along with using anti-vibration tools and gloves, workers can reduce the risk of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) by following work practices:
  • Avoid continuous exposure by taking rest periods.
  • Consult a doctor at the first sign of vibration disease and ask about the possibility of changing to a job with less exposure.
  • Employ a minimum hand grip consistent with safe operation of the tool or process.
  • Maintain properly sharpened cutting tools.
  • Refrain from using faulty tools.
  • Rest the tool on the work piece whenever practical.
  • Wear sufficient clothing, including gloves, to keep warm.

Employee Education

Training Programmes are an effective means of heightening the awareness of HAVS in the workplace. Training should include proper use and maintain vibrating tools to avoid unnecessary exposure to vibration. Vibrating machines and equipment often produce loud noise as well.

Therefore, training and education in controlling vibration should also address concerns about noise control.

The public awareness about Environment

Employee Education Public awareness of the environment means the ability to emotionally understand the surrounding world, including the laws of the natural environment, sensitivity to all the changes occurring in the environment, understanding of cause-and-effect relationships between the quality of the environment and human behavior, an understanding of how the environment works as a system and a sense of responsibility for the common heritage of the Earth.

Employee Education Public awareness

Such as natural resources – with the aim of preserving them for future generations. Environmental public awareness comes from a result of general knowledge. Specialist knowledge of a particular problem and also sensitivity to, and a sense of, responsibility for the environment.

What are the importance of Environment in Industries?

Environmental protection is important for industries of all types and sizes and puts management under great moral and legal pressure to be environmentally active. Argued that to be sure they are pursuing the correct course of action, management must establish criteria to determine which activities need to be changed. The time-scales and costs involved and the impact of these actions will have on other areas. One of the most concerning harms is carbon dioxide (CO2) and several other greenhouse gases, which change our climate.

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