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International Labour Organization & Conventions

Introduction:-

The International Labour Organization (ILO), is an agency of United Nations with its head quarters in Geneva at Switzerland. The International Labour Office housed in permanent administrative office of the International Labour Organization. It mainly looks after all types of activities like international Labour standards, social protection and work opportunities for all. All activities are carried out under the scrutiny of the Governing Body and leadership of the Director- General. The Office employs about 2,700 officials from over 150 nations. ILO has 187 member states: (186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.).

In 1969, the organization awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for improving peace amongst classes, pursuing decent work and justice towards workers and providing technical assistance to other developing nations.

A- Flag of the I. L. O

Employers’ Group at I.L.O. are focusing on many key areas like :-

  • The health of business environment for economic development, job creation, wealth creation and social development.
  • The development and correct strengthening of employers organizations in close collaboration with the ILO’s bureau.
  • The creation of social policies and social security systems by reforming of the ILO international Labour standards.
  • Reforms of the ILO’s governance through the Governing Body and the International Labour Conference.

 What are International Labour organization of conventions?

International Labour standards are made by the ILO’s body for guiding governments, employers and workers in industries by setting basic principles through conventions which are legally binding international treaties that may be ratified by non-binding guidelines, recommended by members.

In many cases a convention lays down the basic principles to be implemented by ratifying countries while a related recommendation supplements the convention by providing more detailed guidelines on how it could be applied.

List of International Labour Organization Conventions :-

  • ILO conventions considered international labour standards regardless of ratifications. When a convention comes into force, it creates a legal obligation for ratifying nations to apply its provisions.
  • Every year the International Labour Conference’s Committee on the Application of Standards, examines a number of alleged breaches of international labour standards.
  • Governments of countries required to submit reports detailing their compliance with the obligations of the conventions they have ratified. Conventions that have not been ratified by member states have the same legal force as do recommendations.
  • In 1998, the 86th International Labour Conference adopted the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. This declaration contains four fundamental policies:
  1. The end of forced and compulsory labour.
  2. The right of workers to associate freely and bargain collectively.
  3. The end of child labour.
  4. The end of unfair discrimination among workers.

The ILO asserts that its members have an obligation to work towards fully respecting these Principles, embodied in relevant ILO Conventions. The ILO Conventions which embody the fundamental principles have now been ratified by most member states. The need for Occupational Health & Safety monitoring in Industries.