What are the Methods of Handling Different objects?
Methods of Handling Different objects are briefly as follows:
Boxes & Cartoons: Grasp them at opposite top and bottom comers Draw a comer between legs .
Barrels & Drums: Two men stand on opposite side Grasp both chimes near the high point up and while pressing down the bottom and straighten up with the drum
Handling on incline: Use ropes and tackles To control motion, pass a rope around a drum.
One end of the rope fastened to the platform at higher level, A worker keeps a firm grip on the free end, then gradually lower or raise the drum along the rickets.
Sheet Metal: Handle with leather gloves, had leathers or gloves with metal insets because of sharp edges and comers
Sheet Glass: Handle with gloves or hand leather Cover wrists and forearms with long leather sleeves Leathers, or canvas apron and guards for feet and ankles should be worn
Carry the glass sheet with the bottom edge resting a palm turned outward and with other hand holding the top edge to steady it or balance it. Never carry glass under the arm because fall might sever an artery.
Long objects: Long pipes, bare-stock, lumber should be carried over the shoulders, with front end held as high as possible to prevent striking other employees especially at comers.
Metal Scrap: Wear goggles, gloves or hand leathers, safety shoes and skin guards Workers should be cautioned against tripping or slipping on objects which may roll or slide under foot Mechanical handling of this commodity (magnetic lift crane) is perforable.
Accessories for Manual Handling:
Each tool or other devices should be accept in good repair and used for the job which it is designed.
Danger of glancing off hard objects. When carried in a belt, the point should be covered. Sharp point necessary for handling logs, crates, boxes, etc.
Main hazard is slipping. Point or edge should have a good bite. Propel position of hand and body to minimize chances of hand pinching or worker falling if the bar slips. Never work astride a crow bar. When not in use, keep on a rack.
Heavy or bulky objects are often moved on the rollers. Main hazards is fingers or toes getting pinched or crushed between the roller and the floor or the roller and the object when the direction of the roller is changed. To move a roller under load, use a sledge or a bar, never hand or foot.
Hand trucks and wheel barrows:
Knuckle guards to protect jamming of hands against down frames or other obstructions. Wheel should be under the truck if possible to save injuries to toes and feet. Wheel guards are preferable.
- Provide brakes to avoid holding a truck with a foot on wheel or axle.
- Inspect daily and keep in good repair.
- No one truck is right for handling all types of material.
- Loaders should keep their feet clear of wheels.
- Load should be so placed that it will not shift fall off or block clear view ahead.
- On two wheelers, center of gravity of load should be placed well forward.
- Four-wheelers should be pushed and not pulled.
- Avoid collisions especially at blind comers.
- Do not park trucks in aisle-ways so as to obstruct traffic or causing stumbling hazards.