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Nature of Accidents

Nature of Accidents:

The nature of accidents may vary from industry to industry. An employee may be caught in a machine while working on it; or he may fall against a machine; he may fall from a height while engaged on a particular task; or explosives used carelessly may explode. These accidents may result in disablement or death.

Disablement:

Disablement whether partial or total may take the form of a loss of Ability to work or to move. Such incapacity may be temporary or permanent.

Partial Disablement (Nature of Accidents):

Partial disablement means disablement of temporary nature that reduces the earning capacity of a workman in the employment in which he was engaged at the time of accident resulting in the disablement.

Nature of Accidents

 

Temporary Partial Disablement:

It means any disablement that temporarily reduces the earning capacity of the workman in every employment.

Permanent Partial Disablement:

It means any disablement that permanently reduces the earring capacity of the workman in every employment.

Total Disablement (Nature of Accidents):

Total disablement means such disablement whether of a temporary or permanent nature, which incapacitates a workman for all work which he was capable of performing at the time of accident resulting in such disablement. Certain injuries which are to deemed to result in permanent total disablement. These include:

  • Loss of both hands or amputation at higher sides
  • Loss of hand and a foot
  • Double amputation through leg or thigh or amputation through leg or thigh on one side and loss of other foot
  • Loss of right to such an extent as to render the claimant unable to perform any work for which eye-sight is essential
  • Very severe facial disfigurement, and Absolute deafness,

Causes of Accidents

It is an established fact that accidents are caused, they do not just happen out of nothing. Whenever there occurs an accident, there must be some cause, which may be obvious, or difficult to trace. A large number of factors combine to cause accidents. Each of these factors Industrial Accident is different in different situations. It has been rightly said that an accident does not have a single cause but a multiplicity of causes, which are often closely related. Basic factors responsible for causing accidents are unsafe acts of the employees, unsafe working Conditions and last bill 10t least the chance occurrences.

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