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Organizational safety & Health Management in Industries

Introduction

Organizational safety & Health Management in Industries A safety and health management system means the part of the Organization’s management system which covers as-

  • The health and safety work organization and policy in a company.
  • Planning process for accident and ill health prevention.
  • The line management responsibilities.
  • The practices, procedures and resources for developing and implementing, reviewing and maintaining the occupational safety and health policy.

The system should cover the entire system of an employer’s occupational health and safety organization.

Organizational safety & Health Management

The Organizational levels of Safety & Health Management in Industries

There are many types to choose from to outline the basic components of a safety management system, the one chosen here is the international standard promoted by the International Labour Organization (ILO). The key elements of a successful safety and health management system are-

  • Policy and commitment.
  • Organizing.
  • Planning.
  • Implementation and operation.
  • Measuring performance.
  • Auditing and reviewing performance.

Policy and commitment

The workplace should prepare an occupational safety and health policy program as part of the preparation of the Safety Statement required by the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005. Effective safety and health policies should set a clear direction for the organization to follow. They will contribute to all aspects of business performance as part of a demonstrable commitment to continuous improvement. Cost-effective approaches to preserving and developing human and physical resources will reduce financial losses and liabilities. In a wider context, stakeholders’ expectations, whether they are shareholders, employees or their representatives, customers or society at large can be met.

Organizing

How is the organization structured, how is the accountabilities defined, who reports to whom and who is responsible for what.

Planning for Organizational safety

The workplace should formulate a plan to fulfill its safety and health policy as set out in the Safety Statement. An effective management structure and arrangements should be put in place for delivering the policy. Safety and health objectives and targets should be set for all managers and employees.

Organizational safety & Health Management

Implementation and operation

For effective implementation, organizations should develop the capabilities and support mechanisms necessary to achieve the safety and health policy. objectives and targets. All staff should be motivated and empowered to work safely and to protect their long-term health, not simply to avoid accidents. These arrangements should be

  • Implemented by effective staff involvement and participation through appropriate consultation, the use of the safety committee where it exists and the safety representation system and,
  • Sustained by effective communication and the promotion of competence, which allows employees and their representatives to make contribution to the safety and health.

There should be a planned and systematic approach to implementing the safety and health policy through an effective safety and health management system.

Measuring performance

The organization should measure, monitor and evaluate safety and health performance. Performance can be measured against agreed standards to reveal when and where improvement is needed. Active self-monitoring reveals how effectively the safety and health management system is functioning. Self-monitoring looks at both hardware (premises, plant and substances) and software (people, procedures and systems, including individual behavior and performance). If controls fail, reactive monitoring should find out why they failed, by investigating the accidents, ill health or incidents, which could have caused harm or loss. The objectives of active and reactive monitoring are:

  • To determine the immediate causes of substandard performance
  • To identify any underlying causes and implications for the design and operation of the safety and health management system.

Auditing and reviewing performance in Organizational safety

The organization should review and improve its safety and health management system continuously, so that its overall safety and health performance improves constantly. The organization can learn from relevant experience and apply the lessons. There should be a systematic review of performance based on data from monitoring and from independent audits of the whole safety and health management system. Performance should assessed by:

  • Internal reference to key performance indicators
  • External comparison with the performance of business competitors and best practice in the organization’s employment sector.

Many companies now report on how well they have performed on worker safety and health in their annual reports. And how they have fulfilled their responsibilities with regard to preparing and implementing their Safety Statements. In addition, employers have greater responsibilities under Section 80 of the 2005 Act on “Liability of Directors and Officers of Undertakings‘ that requires them to be in a position to prove they have pro-actively managed the safety and health of their workers, Data from this “Auditing and reviewing performance’ process should be used for these purposes.

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