The Role of Government in Industrial Safety
Role of Government in Industrial Safety: The government is ultimately responsible for protection workers, the consumers and citizen from dangers at work, on the roads, in the air, in the water, from air and water pollution etc. The role of the government in regard to these matters can be stated below:
Enhancement of occupational safety and health legislature including legislations for fixation and payment of compensation to workers and other died or injured due to industrial accidents or diseases. Setting up of departments to enforce the laws and to give advice, guidance and assistance to workers, management and other organization.
- The government legislations should prescribe the safety standards and safety measures to be followed by the government sources, the workers and management of industrial and other establishments.
- The laws must also dearly specify duties and responsibilities of government officers who are entrusted with their enforcement, the workers the managements.
- The laws should be comprehensive and unambiguous.
- The machinery provided to process compensation claims be simple, quick and inexpensive.
Enforcement of Laws:
The law enforcing authorities must have the requisite qualification, training and experience The enforcement wing shall group staff trained in several disciplines like mechanical, electrical chemical, medical, agricultural engineering, civil engineering etc. The inspection officials have to provided with necessary facilities to evaluate the harmful and unhealthy substances in the working atmosphere. The inspecting officials have to provided with necessary facilities to evaluate the harmful and unhealthy substances in the working atmosphere. A separate set up with statutory powers of collection the data on occupational accidents and diseases also required.
Setting Safety Up Laboratory and Research Department:
With several types of chemicals and toxic materials widely used and more laboratory and a research wing needs no emphasis. The wing should have facilities to deal with factors like,
- Environment hazards, Industrial toxicology,
- Safety techniques in machinery manufacture,
- Chemical process and apparatus,
- Control of dust,
- Providing advice and guidance on matters concerning safety,
- Hygiene and health
- Developing ways and means of preventing occupational accidents and diseases.
The laboratory must have up-to-date facilities for qualitative and quantitative examination of dust, compounds, and other toxic materials. There should adequate number of qualified and experienced staff to carry out the investigations correctly and speedily.
Maintaining Co-operation with non-official organization:
Employer’s and worker’s organizations, universities and other educational institutions examination of dust. Concerning companies are some of the non-official organization which involve in matters safety and health of industrial workers. The government departments must keep close co-operation with these organizations.
Setting up of Institutions for Training on Different Disciplines:
Adequate number of institutions with experts on various disciplines should set up to train sufficient number of persons to meet the scientific and technological advancement of industrial and other establishments.