Safety During Mechanical Handling: All stores, go downs, yards, workrooms and places of material handling should be properly illuminated.
Safety During Mechanical Handling:
All stores, go downs, yards, workrooms and places of material handling should be properly illuminated.
Ramps, gradient should not exceed 1 in 10. It should not be slippery, uneven or broken. It should have sufficient width.
Pipes, conduits, drains valves, fire apparatus, etc. are necessary parts of plant structures, yet they often cause hazards. In planning the plant, such parts should be so placed that they may cause minimum interference with persons or materials.
Do not climb on stock-piles. Use ladders. Fixed ladders are preferable. If the height exceeds 2m provide railing and hand -tools pocket for the ladders. Portable ladders should have non-slip base or its bottom should be held, tied or securely anchored to prevent slipping. Bridge Plates: Bridge plate should be of adequate strength and they should always be properly anchored. Mechanical Handling For overall understanding, a classification is given below:
Section 28 and 29 of the Factories Act provide for hoists and lifts (with platform or cage) and lifting machines and tackles. There is no mention on lifting trucks and conveyors. Rules 58 to 60 A of the Gujarat Factories Rules prescribe report forms to hoists and lifts (Fom No.9), lifting machines and tackles (Form No. 10) and further details thereof. The abstract of these Statutory provisions I incorporated in the following par as.
What are the Indian Standards of Safety During Mechanical Handling?
There are many is on material handling. A few of which are Material handling equipment, non-powered, terminology 6839, Hoists and cranes, design, manufacture, creation and testing 807,Hoists and lifts, steel wire suspension ropes for 2365.
Hoist chain, electric 6547,electric wire rope 3938, for hydraulic gates 6938,10210, Ropes-coir 1410,1411,1412cotton 2452,2453,3143, fiber 3871,575, guide 3623 jute 5177 manila 1084,nylon filament 4572.,6590,3253,test methods 7071.
Polyethylene 8674,steel wire 1835,5836, 2266,3973, ropeway and cable ways 7649, slings-chain, mild steel 2760,8324,legs and wire rope 2762,Fiber rope 9944,socket 2485.
Shackle 4690, 6132; Swivels 4531, C-hook 3813 , head nut 10749. Tackle-6549, 5529, Elevator-6930, 7167, Escalators 4591, Conveyors-glossary 4240, safety 7155, apron 7423, 8599, belt 6687,8597,8531, chain 7155,6834, screw 5563.
Electric passenger and goods lifts 1860,3534,6620, inspection of lift wire ropes 8216: Hand operated chain pulley blocks 3832. Round steel short link chain (electric but welded) grade 30, 2429; grade 40, 3109.
Gas cylinders safety devices 5903, color code 5, handling 3870. Safety for handling cryogenic liquids (liquefied gases viz., 02 N2 H2 helium, argon, neon and keypton 593t Handling and storage of building materials 7969, powered industrial trucks 6305, cable lift 4239, chain lifting safe use 8321 travelling crane 3177, winch 9507, wheel barrows 2431; 4814.
These Indian standards are very much useful for design, construction, use operation and maintenance purposes.