Introduction to Safety Management system in Industries
A Safety Management System is a systematic approach to managing safety in industries. It includes organizational structures, accountabilities, policies, scope and procedures. A safety management system provides for goal setting, planning and measuring performance. In 1995 the Government conducted a review of industrial safety with a long term safety strategies. The review observed that for high standards of safety at work, the organization must embrace self-regulation and safety management. The Review recommended that the Government should provide a framework within which self-regulation was to be achieved through a company system of safety management.
Against this background, the Government has introduced a safety management system consisting of 14 elements. It has promoted the system through launching pilot schemes, publishing an Occupational Safety Charter, organizing seminars and promotional visits, and issuing a Guide to Safety Management. This system is now enshrined in the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation [hereinafter called “the Safety Management Regulation”] passed on 24 November 1999. Under the Safety Management Regulation, proprietors or contractors of certain industrial undertakings required to develop, implement and maintain undertakings with respect to safety management system which contains a number of key process elements. They are also required to have the system regularly audited or reviewed.
The Safety Management system in Industries
The Safety Management system (sms) in Industries is the general, top and down everywhere in organization involves bigger approach to managing safety risk and assuring the effectiveness of safety risk controls. It includes systematic procedures, practices, and policies for the management of safety risk. This book describes about providing resources to individuals, industrial product and service provider and also organizations seeking to learn more about implementing a SMS within their organization. MS introduces an evolutionary process in system safety and safety management. SMS is a structured process that obligates organizations to manage safety with the same level of priority as other core business processes managed.
One of management’s prime responsibilities is to develop organizations to meet the challenge of the future. This responsibility exercised by assessing the resources and opportunities available, defining realistic business objectives and efficiently managing the resources allocated to meet these goals. One of the most important input available to an organization, is its employees. Their competence; experience and loyalty largely determines both the objectives that an enterprise can set for itself and how successful it will be in achieving them. For many years management have generally recognized that it makes good business to have progressive manpower policies for welfare, remuneration, recruitment and industrial relations.
Recently more companies have become aware of the need to adopt a positive and systematic approach to employee Safety Training. In the present day Industrial Management safety Management at times given secondary priority compared to production. This attitude normally gives room for accidents and it may affect productivity seriously. Whereas, for improving productivity, safety activities should be given equal importance. Hence, application of planning, organizing and controlling are fundamentally necessary for activities related to safety also.
Industrial Safety Management levels are given below-
- Top Management.
- Middle Management.
- Supervisory Management.
Safety management should have proper planning of organizing, various types of employees, directing from top & bottom and controlling them. Any managerial activity becomes effective only when the functional areas likes planning and controlling applied to it. It becomes necessary to set an achievable target. To fulfil the target all resources like man, machine, materials to properly organized and every step of the activity need to progressively controlled.
The role of industries in Safety
- The safety principle described here prevention of accidents which associated with a organization activities in the working area. The accidents may occur for personnel, the environment or the general population.
- In any organization the safety of their employees and any visitors to their premises such as customers, suppliers and the general public is the responsibilities of employer. In addition to these duties there are regulations to deal with particular hazards in industries where hazards are particularly high.
- The Safety at Work the primary piece of legislation covering work-related to safely industries. It sets out a lot of employer’s responsibilities for safety at work.
- The specific regulations cover particular areas, including lead, asbestos, chemicals. construction work and gas safety.