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The Electricity Act, Central Electricity Board

The Electricity Act

The electricity act was passed in 1910. The object of this act is to control and manage the electricity production, its transmission, distribution and utilization.

Supply of Energy License

A state Govt. can grant a license on application on prescribed on prescribed form and on payment of a prescribed fee to supply energy in any specified area and also to lay down electric supply for the transmission of energy.

No person other than a licensee or a person to whom sanction is granted shall transmit or use energy at a rate exceeding 250 watts and 100 volts:

In any street, or

In any place in which 100 or more persons are likely to be assembled or in a factory or a mine.

License should give 7 days’ notice, before the commencement of transmission or uses of energy, stating his intention to the Electrical Inspector and the District Magistrate.


Electricity Act

Purchase of Undertaking

Where a license has been granted to any person not being a local authority, the State Electricity, Board shall have the option of purchasing the undertaking after the expiry of license period. For this purpose state electricity board shall have to send an intimation to the State Govt. at least 18 months before the expiry of the period of licensee. It should also serve upon the license a notice of not less than one year requiring the licensee to see the undertaking to it at the expiry of the license period.

Central Electricity Board

A board called Central Electricity Board shall constituted and exercise the following powers:

  1. To make rules to regulate the generation, transmission and use of energy.
  2. To provide for preparation and submission of accounts by the licensees in the prescribed form.
  3. Safety Precautions
  4. To provide for securing a regular constant and sufficient supply of energy by the licensee to the consumer.
  5. To provide for preventing telegraph lines and magnetic observations of laboratories from injuriously affected by generation, transmission supply or use of energy.
  6. All electric supply lines and apparatus should be sufficient in power and size and of sufficient mechanical strength.
  7. To authorize any inspector to enter and inspect any place and carry out test.
  8. To regulate the publication of notices.
  9. Provisions of Inspection Any inspector or his assistant may enter or inspect and examine any place and carry out tests.
  10. To prescribe the qualification of electrical inspector.
  11. Inspector may serve an order to any supplier, consumer, owner or occupier, to follow out the prescribed rules.
  12. Suitable cut out should be provided in each conductor of every service line other than an earthed neutral conductor.

Where bare conductors used in a building:

  • The owner should ensure that they are inaccessible.
  • Switches should be provided in readily accessible position, for rendering them dead whenever required.
  • The owner of every medium high and extra high voltage installation should affix permanently a caution notice on Every motor, generator, transformer and other electrical plant and equipment.
  • All supports of high and extra high voltage overhead lines.

Protective Equipment of Electricity

  • The following protective equipment should kept ready near the electrical installation for safety purpose:
  • Fire buckets filed with clean and dry sand for immediate use as a means for extinguishing fires.
  • Fire extinguishers should also be provided at all generating stations, sub-stations and enclosed switch stations at convenient Electric Bulb & Socket points.
  • First aid boxes must provided and kept in charge of a person trained in first aid treatment.
  • Electrical installation work, alternations, repairs etc., should only be carried out by a Licensed Electrical Contractor. Under the direct supervision of a person holding a certificate of competency issued or recognized by the State Government.
  • Every installation connected to the supply system of the supplier, should periodically tested and inspected at an interval at an interval not exceeding 5 years.

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