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The Gas Cylinder Rules in India

The Gas Cylinder Rules

The Gas Cylinders Rules were first published in 1940 after Govt. of India Notification any No. M-1272 (1), dated 28th September, 1938 declaring any gas when contained in metal container in a compressed or liquefied state to be an explosive within the meaning of Explosives Act, 1884. The above rules were replaced by the Gas Cylinders Rules, 1981, after a comprehensive review in the light of the development of the gas industry after independence.

The Gas Cylinder Rules

Eighties & Nineties witnessed massive expansion in the gas and related industries triggered by economical liberalization and globalization, use of LPG as industrial and domestic fuel, introduction of CNG and LPG as environmental friendly automotive fuels, entry of new technologies, etc. Which necessitating another round of review and bringing out the new Gas Cylinders Rules, 2004.

Major activities covered under The Gas Cylinder Rules

The major activities covered under these Rules include grant of approval of manufacturing units of cylinders, valves & LPG regulators and designs of these equipments; licensing of gas filling plants, CNG fueling stations, cylinders storage premises and import of cylinders/valves; grant of permission for filling of cylinders; recognition of cylinder testing stations etc. This Organization also plays a crucial role in the formulation of standards for cylinders, valves, regulators, etc. The Organization regularly undertakes safety audits of gas installations, filling plants, CNG fueling stations, cylinder, valve and regulator manufacturing units, etc. approved/licensed under the aforesaid Rules to ensure the compliance of the Rules and also to inculcate safety awareness.

Deals-with filling, possession (storage), import, transport, testing of gas cylinders and safety requirements and obligations in these activities. It specifies’ the 15-4379 and IS 3933 standards for color coding of industrial and medical gas cylinders. It also specifies the color code where 1.5. is not available.

  • Non-flammable Non toxic Gas   —  White color
  • Non Flammable Toxic Gas  —  White with yellow neck band
  • Flammable non toxic gas  —    White with red neck band
  • Flammable toxic gas neck bands   —  White with Red & Yellow

It is also gives types and standards of cylinders and valves.

Salient features of Gas Cylinders Rules, 2004 with respect to deregulation and simplification of Rules

  • Enhancement of the scope of the Gas Cylinders Rules to cover special containers up to 2500 litres water capacity and composite cylinders made of non-metallic materials.
  • Enhancement of the exemption limit of possession of gas filled cylinders without licence and periods for which a license can be granted and renewed.
  • Dispensing with the requirement of prior approval of specification and plans for setting up of filling plants, conversion of cylinders from one gas service to another & filling of cylinders between sunset and sunrise in respect of non-toxic non-flammable gases.
  • Simplification of the procedure for transfer of a license in case of change of ownership or death of the licensee.

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