The prime effects of industrial pollution
Industrial pollution can negatively affect public health by distributing harmful chemicals into water, the air and the soil. The quality of the environment is also at risk, as industrial pollution can impact climate change, hinder the growth of natural plants and grasses. causing loss of species and aid in the erosion of buildings.
According to the National Institutes of Health, human waste poses a potential hazard to the health of human communities and natural habitats when not properly transported, disposed of, managed, treated and stored. One negative impact of human waste is the risk of surface water contamination, which is caused by liquid and solid waste products that find their way into water bodies. Lastly, waste that accumulates in the atmosphere causes smog and reduce air quality and creates health risks for living organisms.
The Industrial pollution/wastes types:-
The type of pollution in industry is Hazardous waste like liquid, solid or sludge waste that contain properties which are potentially harmful to human health or the environment. The various Industries generate many hazardous waste from mining, petroleum refining, pesticide manufacturing and other chemical industries.
Toxic pollution affects more than 200 million people worldwide, according to Pure Earth, a non-profit environmental organization. In some of the world’s worst polluted places, babies are born with birth defects, children have lost 30 to 40 IQ points, and life expectancy may be as low as 45 years because of cancers and other diseases.
Land can become polluted by industrial waste like garbage, consisting of product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, newspapers, bottles, food scraps, appliances, paint and batteries. Commercial or industrial waste is a significant portion of Solid waste. Hazardous waste is any liquid, solid or sludge waste that contain properties that are dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment.
Industries generate hazardous waste from mining, petroleum refining, pesticide manufacturing and other chemical production.
Water pollution happens when chemicals or dangerous foreign substances are introduced to water, including chemicals, sewage, pesticides and fertilizers from agricultural run off or metals like lead or mercury. Warming water can also be harmful.
The artificial warming of water is called thermal pollution. It can happen when a factory or power plant that is using water to cool its operations ends up discharging hot water. This makes the water hold less oxygen, which can kill fish and wildlife. The sudden change of temperature in the body of water can also kill fish.
The air we breathe has a very exact chemical composition. 99 percent of this made up of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapour and inert gases. A common type of air pollution happens when people release particles into the air from burning fuels. This pollution looks like soot, containing millions of tiny particles, floating in the air.
Noise pollution happens when the sound coming from planes, industry or other sources reaches harmful levels.
Some consequences of light pollution are:
- Some birds sing at unnatural hours in the presence of artificial light.
- Scientists have determined that long artificial days can affect migration schedules, as they allow for longer feeding times.
- Street lights can confuse newly hatched sea turtles that rely on starlight reflecting off the waves to guide them from the beach to the ocean.
- They often head in the wrong direction.
- Light pollution, called sky glow, also makes it difficult for astronomers, both professional and amateur, to properly see the stars.
- Plant’s flowering and developmental patterns can be entirely disrupted by artificial light.
Industrial pollution wastes:-
|S. No.||Industry||Wastes Produced||Type of pollution|
|1||Caustic Soda||Mercury, Chlorine gas||Air, water and land|
|2||Cement dust, smoke||Particulate matter||—–|
|3||Distillery||Organic waste||Land and water|
|4||Fertilizer||Ammonia, cyanide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulphur||Air and water|
|5||Dye||Inorganic waste pigment||Land and water|
|6||Iron and steel||Smoke, gases, coal dust, fly ash, fluorine||Air, water and land|
|7||Pesticides||Organic and inorganic waste||Water and land|
|8||Oil Refineries||Smoke, toxic gases, organic waste||Air and water|
|9||Paper and Pulp||Smoke, organic waste||Air and water|
|10||Sugar||Organic waste, molasses||Land and water|
|11||Textiles||Smoke, particulate matter||Water|
|12||Tanneries||Organic waste||Air and water|
|13||Thermal power||Fly ash, SO2 gas||Air and water|
|14||Nuclear power station||Radioactive wastes||Water and land|
|15||Food processing||Alkali’s, phenols chromate’s, organic wastes||Water and land|