The Various aspect of Industrial accidents:
Various a aspect of Industrial accidents: A work accident, workplace accident, occupational accident or accident at work is a “discrete occurrence in the course of work” leading to physical or mental injury. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.
The ever increasing mechanization, electrification, chemical process and sophistication have made industrial jobs more and more complex and intricate. This has led to increased dangers to human life in industries through accidents and injuries. In fact, the same underlines the need for and importance of industrial safety.
Let us first understand what industrial accident actually means.
The phrase “physical or mental harm” means any injury, disease, or death. Occupational accidents differ from occupational diseases as accidents unexpected and unplanned occurrences (e.g., mine collapse), while occupational diseases “contracted as a result of an exposure over a period of time to risk factors arising from work activity” (e.g., miner’s lung). Incidents that fall within the definition of occupational accidents includes cases of au poisoning, attacks by humans and animals, insects etc., slips and falls on pavements staircases, traffic collisions, and accidents on board means of transportation in the course of work accidents in airports, stations and so on.
There is no consensus as to whether commuting accidents (i.e. accidents on the way to work and while returning home after work) should be considered to be work accidents. The ESAW methodology excludes them; the ILO includes them in its conventions concerning Health & Safety at work, although it lists them as a separate category of accidents; and some countries (e.g., Greece) do not distinguish them from other work accidents. The condition in which a “human being mentally inclined, strongly disposed, attitudinally addicted or personally destined to become continually involved ill all ongoing and never-ending series of accidents or injuries”. Accordingly some people may more often involved in accidents than others. In other words, the “accidents-prone”, they get involve in accidents, however hard they try to avoid them. The causes of accident- proneness muscular weakness, emotional instability, visual disability, recklessness, hostility and indifference.
Types of Accident-as per Indian and international standards:
Depending on the severity of the injury, accidents may be typed as:
- Minor accident
- Major accident
An accident which results in a death or prolonged disability to the victim a major one. A scratch or cut which does not seriously disable one is a minor accident. An accident may be internal or external. If a worker falls or an object falls on him, it may not show signs of injury but they may have fractured a bone or strained a muscle or nerve which is an internal injury. A deep scratch on the leg or shoulder may show sign of injury which is an external injury.
A worker may disabled by injury for a day or week or month or for a few months. If he recovers from such a disability, his disability is temporary. But if the injury is such that he will never recover fully, his disability is permanent one. A disability may be partial or total. An accident may be fatal or non-fatal.