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Welfare and Safety in Industries

Welfare and Safety

Welfare and Safety: Welfare work aims at providing such service facilities and amenities as would enable the workers employed in industries/factories to enable their work in healthy congenial surroundings conducive to good health and a high morale.

Welfare and Safety

It is partly

  • Humanistic because it enables the workers to enjoy a fuller and richer life.
  • Economic because it improves the efficiency of workers, increases its availability where it is scarce and keeps them contented. It therefore, minimizes the inducement to form or join unions and to resort to strike.
  • Civic because it develops a sense of responsibility and dignity among the workers and thus makes them worthy citizens of the nation.

Welfare and Safety

Safety is basically concerned with minimizing hazards and occupational diseases in industries. In certain cases welfare and safety activities are closely linked together.

These areas may include the following:

  • Proper layout of plant and machinery.
  • Provision of medical facilities.
  • Fencing and guarding of machines.
  • Provision of first aid appliances.
  • Provision of compensation in case of accidents.
  • Temperature and humidity control in the workplace.
  • Proper ventilation.
  • Provision of fire extinguishers.
  • Improving working conditions.
  • Provision of personnel protective devices.
  • Reasonable hours of work.
  • The areas in which safety and ‘welfare are not directly linked are:
  • Provision of rest place, canteens, restaurant and cafeteria.
  • Provision of kindergartens and nurseries.
  • Financial assistance example provident fund, gratuity, pension etc.
  • Housing facilities.
  • Educational facilities.
  • Recreational facilities.

Accident Measurable-as per Indian and international standards;

Two main statistical have used to gather accident information the frequency rate and severity rate.

The frequency rate is the number of time-lost accident-, (or injuries which have disabled an employee) per 1,000,000 man-hours worked. The severity rate, on the other hand, is the total number of days charged or lost because of accidents per 1,000,00 man-hour worked

The National Safety Council of the United States has given the following formulae for the computation of these rates:

Accident Frequency Rate = Number of disabling work injuries x 1,000,000/ Total number of man-hours worked

Severity Rate = Number of man days lost x 1,000,000/ Total number of man hours worked

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